Packaging Of Pharmaceuticals |Pharmacy Online Lecture-2 | Pharmaceutics-Ch-2 | In Hindi | हिंदी में

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In this video , we have discussed about Pharmacy Online Lecture | Pharmaceutics-Ch-1 | Dosage Forms Of The Drugs I In Hindi | हिंदी में

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Topic discussed in the video :-
1-Introduction & Function
2-Types Of Packaging
3-Materials Used In Pharmaceutical Packaging

1-Introduction Of Packaging
Packaging is a science, art & technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale & use.

Pharmaceutical packaging is the economical means of providing protection, identification, information, convenience and stability of the product.

2-Functions / Benefits Of Packaging
Product identification- Packaging greatly helps in identification of the products.

Product protection- Packaging protect the content of the product from spoilage, breakage, leakage.

Facilitate the use of product- Packaging makes product convenient to open, handle and use by the consumer.

Product promotion- Packaging helps in product promotion & attract the attention of the people while purchasing.

3-Types Of Packaging
Primary Packaging
Is the material that first envelops the product and hold it.

Secondary Packaging
Is outside the primary packaging, used to group primary package together.

Tertiary Packaging
Is used for bulk handling & shipping.

4-Material used in Packaging
Glass
Plastic
Rubbers
Paper/cardboard
Metals

A-Glass As Packaging Material
Advantage
They are transparent
Economical
Easily labelled
Have good protection power
Available in variety of shapes & sizes.

Disadvantage
Glass is fragile so easily broken
Release alkali to preparation

Composition Of Glass
*Silicon di-oxide/ Sand Sio2 72%
*Sodium Oxide(Na2O) From Sodium Carbonate Na2CO3 (soda ash) 13%
*Calcium Oxide/Lime CaO 12%
*Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 2%
*Minors 1%

b-Plastic As Packaging Material
Plastics are group of substance of natural or synthetic origin, consisting chiefly of the polymers of high molecular weight that can be molded into a shape by means of heat & pressure.

Advantage
Less weight than glass
Flexible
Variety of shape & size
Resistant to breakage
Chemically inert, safe in use
Disadvantage
Absorption permeability to moisture
Poor printing property
Types Of Plastics
Thermoplastic Type
On heating, become soften to viscous fluid which harden again on cooling.

Examples- Polypropylene, polystyrene, cellulose acetate, PTFE (Teflon), nylon, polyketone, etc.

Thermosetting Type
On heating, irreversibly to become hard at high temperature and remain in a permanent solid state once hardened.

Examples- epoxy resin, melamine formaldehyde, polyester resin and urea formaldehyde.

Metal As Packaging Material
Metals are used for preparation of containers. The metals commonly used are aluminum, tin plated steel, stainless steel, tin and lead.
Advantage
Impermeable to light, moisture & gas
Rigid & Unbreakable
Light in weight than glass Container
Label can be printed directly Onto the surface

Disadvantage
Expensive
May react with certain chemicals

Rubber As Packaging Material
Rubber is mainly used for construction of closures for vials, transfusion fluid bottles, dropping bottles and for many other type of products.
Types Of Rubbers
Butyl Rubber
Nitrile Rubber
Neoprene Rubber
Silicon Rubber

Paper And Cardboards
Paper & Cardboards are suitable for small scale and bulk packaging, also suitable for all kinds of food packaging.
Advantage
Light weight
Less expensive & Easily available
Cardboard cartons have high shock resistant capacity

Disadvantage
May cause damage on transportation without external barriers
Most paper packs are not reusable

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Dream Culture by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (
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